**GATE exam and IAS exam ECE engineering syllabus same or different 2022**

The syllabus of **GATE** is completely different from **the IAS** syllabus and **IAS** consists of two exams and interviews and one exam is done in GATE and interview.

The IAS exam is conducted by **UPSC** and The **GATE** exam is conducted by** IIT**.

**1- IAS ( Indian Administrative Service) – **IAS exams have been divided into two parts.

(a) Preliminary Examination- The Preliminary Examination The syllabus is given below.

(i) Paper I-

Paper I-Current events of national and international importance.

Paper I-History of India and Indian National Movement.

Paper I-Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

Paper I-Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues,

Paper I-Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives

Paper I-General issues on Environmental ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization

Paper I-General Science

(ii) Paper-II-

Paper II-Comprehension

Paper II-Interpersonal skills including communication skills

Paper II-Logical reasoning and Analytical ability

Paper II-Decision making and Problem solving

Paper II-General mental ability

Paper II-Basic numeracy

Paper II-English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level)

(B) Main Examination- The Preliminary Examination Syllabus is the given below?

Any Indian language included in the 8th schedule of the constitution of India

English language

Essay

General Studies-I

General Studies-II

General Studies-III

General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)

Agriculture paper-I

Agriculture paper-II

Animal husbandry and veterinary science paper-I

Animal husbandry and veterinary science paper-II

Anthropology paper-I

Anthropology Paper-II

Botany paper-I

Botany paper-II

Chemistry paper-I

Chemistry paper-II

Civil engineering paper-I

Civil engineering paper-II

Accounting and Finance Accounting, Taxation & Auditing paper-I

Organization Theory and Behavior, Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations paper-II

Economics paper-I

Economics paper-II

Electrical engineering paper-I

Electrical engineering paper-II

Geography paper-I -Physical Geography

Human geography

Geography of India paper-II

Geology paper-I

Geology paper-II

History paper-I

History paper-II

Law paper-I

Law paper-II

Assamese paper-I

Assamese paper-II

Bengali paper-I

Bengali paper-II

History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-I

History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II

Dogri paper-I

Dogri paper-II

English paper-I

English paper-II

Gujarati paper-I

Gujarati paper-II

Hindi paper-I

Hindi paper-II

Kannada paper-I

Kannada paper-II

Kashmiri paper-I

Kashmiri paper-II

Konkani paper-I

Konkani paper-II

Maithili paper-I

Maithili paper-II

Malayalam paper-I

Literary history

Malayalam paper-II

Manipuri paper-I

Manipuri paper-II

Marathi paper-I

Marathi paper-II

Nepali paper-I

Nepali paper-II

Odia paper-I

Odia paper-II

Punjabi paper-I

Punjabi paper-II

Sanskrit paper-I

Sanskrit paper-II

Shanthal paper-I

Shanthal paper-II

Sindhi paper-I

Sindhi paper-II

Tamil paper-I

Tamil paper-II

Telugu paper-I

Telugu paper-II

Urdu paper-I

Urdu paper-II

Management paper-I

Management paper-II

Mathematics paper-I

Mathematics paper-II

Mechanical engineering paper-I

Mechanical engineering paper-II

Medical science paper-I

Medical science paper-II

Philosophy paper-I

Philosophy paper-II

Physics paper-I

Physics paper-II

Political science and international relations paper-I

Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II

Psychology paper-I

Psychology paper-II

Public Administration paper-I

Public Administration paper-II

Sociology paper-I

Sociology paper-II

Statistics paper-I

Statistics paper-II

Zoology paper-I

Zoology paper-II

2- GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)-The GATE The exam is conducted by different IIT and IISc.and national examination conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) at Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, and Roorkee on behalf of National Coordination Board (NCB)-GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education (MOE), Government of India. GATE examination is a Computer Based Test (CBT).

And this exam is only for engineering students and more are given below.

Passed / Appearing B.E / B.Tech / B.Pharm / B.Arch / B.Sc. Research / B.S. M.Sc. / MA / MCA / M.E. / M.Tech / Dual Degree / Integrated Courses

Gate pass students go to Post graduation in different IIT and NIT for ME, M.tech, Ph.D., etc., and also GATE pass students go to the different PSU (Public Sector Undertaking).

**GATE SYLLABUS FOR ECE-**

Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra: Vector space, basis, linear dependence and independence, matrix algebra, eigenvalues and

eigenvectors, rank, solution of linear equations- existence and uniqueness.

Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite and improper

integrals, partial derivatives, maxima, and minima, multiple integrals, line, surface, and volume integrals, Taylor

series.

Differential Equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), higher-order linear differential equations,

Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, methods of solution using a variation of parameters, complementary function

and particular integral, partial differential equations, the variable separable method, initial and boundary value

problems.

Vector Analysis: Vectors in plane and space, vector operations, gradient, divergence and curl, Gauss’s, Green’s

and Stokes’ theorems.

Complex Analysis: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, sequences,

series, convergence tests, Taylor and Laurent series, residue theorem.

Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode, standard deviation, combinatorial probability, probability

distributions, binomial distribution, Poisson distribution, exponential distribution, normal distribution, joint and

conditional probability.

Section 2: Networks, Signals, and Systems

Circuit analysis: Node and mesh analysis, superposition, Thevenin’s theorem, Norton’s theorem, reciprocity.

Sinusoidal steady-state analysis: phasors, complex power, maximum power transfer.

Time and frequency domain analysis of linear circuits: RL, RC and RLC circuits, Solution of network equations

using the Laplace transform.

Linear 2-port network parameters, wye-delta transformation.

Continuous-time signals: Fourier series and Fourier transform, sampling theorem, and applications.

Discrete-time signals: DTFT, DFT, z-transform, discrete-time processing of continuous-time signals. LTI

systems: definition and properties, causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeroes,

frequency response, group delay, phase delay.

Section 3: Electronic Devices

Energy bands in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, equilibrium carrier concentration, direct and indirect

band-gap semiconductors.

Carrier transport: diffusion current, drift current, mobility and resistivity, generation and recombination

of carriers, Poisson, and continuity equations.

P-N junction, Zener diode, BJT, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, photodiode, and solar cell.

Section 4: Analog Circuits

Diode circuits: clipping, clamping, and rectifiers.

BJT and MOSFET amplifiers: biasing, ac coupling, small-signal analysis, frequency response.

Current mirrors and differential amplifiers.

Op-amp circuits: Amplifiers, summers, differentiators, integrators, active filters, Schmitt triggers, and oscillators.

Section 5: Digital Circuits

Number representations: binary, integer, and floating-point- numbers.

Combinatorial circuits: Boolean algebra, minimization of functions using Boolean identities and Karnaugh map,

logic gates and their static CMOS implementations, arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers,

decoders.

Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters, shift-registers, finite state machines, propagation

delay, setup and hold time, critical path delay.

Data converters: sample and hold circuits, ADCs, and DACs.

Semiconductor memories: ROM, SRAM, DRAM.

Computer organization: Machine instructions and addressing modes, ALU, data-path, and control unit, instruction

pipelining.

Section 6: Control Systems

Basic control system components; Feedback principle; Transfer function; Block diagram representation;

Signal flow graph; Transient and steady-state analysis of LTI systems; Frequency response; Routh-Hurwitz and

Nyquist stability criteria; Bode and root-locus plots; Lag, lead and lag-lead compensation; State variable model

and solution of the state equation of LTI systems.

Section 7: Communications

Random processes: autocorrelation and power spectral density, properties of white noise, filtering of random

signals through LTI systems.

Analog communications: amplitude modulation and demodulation, angle modulation, and demodulation, spectra

of AM and FM, superheterodyne receivers.

Information theory: entropy, mutual information, and channel capacity theorem.

Digital communications: PCM, DPCM, digital modulation schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK, QAM), bandwidth,

inter-symbol interference, MAP, ML detection, matched filter the receiver, SNR, and BER.

Fundamentals of error correction, Hamming codes, CRC.

Section 8: Electromagnetics

Maxwell’s equations: differential and integral forms and their interpretation, boundary conditions, wave equation,

Poynting vector.

Plane waves and properties: reflection and refraction, polarization, phase, and group velocity, propagation

through various media, skin depth.

Transmission lines: equations, characteristic impedance, impedance matching, impedance transformation, S-

parameters, Smith chart.

Rectangular and circular waveguides, light propagation in optical fibers, dipole and monopole antennas, linear

antenna arrays.

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